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Itching, medically known as pruritus, is a common symptom that triggers the urge to scratch a particular area of the skin. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including dry skin, allergic reactions, skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis, and internal conditions such as liver or kidney problems. Treatment for itching depends on the underlying cause and may include moisturizers, antihistamines, topical steroids or other specific medications to both relieve the symptoms and treat the underlying condition.


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Definition of Pruritus

Itching, also known as pruritus, is an unpleasant feeling of skin that is often perceived as a desire to scratch or rub. Pruritus often occurs due to irritation or inflammation of the skin and can have a variety of causes, including allergic reactions, insect bites, dry skin, infections or systemic diseases such as liver diseases or kidney problems. It is a widespread symptom that can affect people of all ages and gender. Itching can be briefly and mild or become chronic and serious. In many cases, the itching disappears by itself or can be alleviated by simple home remedies. In other cases, however, medical treatment may be necessary to treat the underlying cause and relieve itching. Pruritus can have both physical and psychological effects, since persistent itching can lead to sleep disorders, anxiety or depression. It is important that people with persistent or intensive itching are looking for medical help in order to obtain precise diagnosis and suitable treatment.

Meaning of understanding and the treatment of pruritus

Pruritus, better known as itching, is an annoying and often excruciating symptom that can have different causes. In order to successfully treat the itching, it is of great importance to understand the phenomenon and identify the underlying cause.

Chronic itching can indicate an underlying disease, such as skin diseases, systemic diseases or allergic reactions. Adequate treatment of this itching can offer some relief and improve the quality of life of those affected.

There are various possible causes of chronic itching. These include skin diseases such as eczema, psoriasis or contact eczema, but also systemic diseases such as liver disease or kidney diseases can cause itching. Allergies, both on certain foods and environmental substances, can also trigger symptoms.

Various therapy options are available to treat the itching. Medicines like antihistamines can help reduce itching. Anti -inflammatory ointments or creams can also help relieve the symptoms.

The treatment of the underlying underlying disease is often crucial for successful itch relief. It is therefore important to have a precise diagnosis by the attending doctor carried out in order to initiate the correct treatment.

Overall, the understanding and treatment of pruritus is of great importance to improve the quality of life of those affected. A precise diagnosis and the identification of the underlying cause are crucial to initiate adequate treatment and relieve symptoms.

Causes of Pruritus

Pruritus, also known as itching, can have various causes. The most common causes include skin diseases such as eczema, psoriasis, contact dermatitis or allergic reactions to certain substances. These diseases can cause the skin to become dry, irritated and itchy.

Metabolic diseases such as diabetes or kidney failure can also cause pruritus. With diabetes, the high blood sugar level can damage the nerves, which can lead to itching. Kidney failure can also lead to itching because the kidneys are unable to filter waste from the blood.

Infectious diseases such as shingles, chickenpox or fungal infections can also cause pruritus. These infections lead to inflammation and irritation of the skin, which can cause itching.

Proctological diseases such as hemorrhoids or anal fissures can also lead to pruritus. Itching can occur due to the disturbed moisture content and the irritation of the skin in the anal area.

Neurological causes such as multiple sclerosis or nerve damage can also cause itching. In these diseases, the nerve fibers are affected, which can lead to abnormal itching.

Hormonal causes such as pregnancy or in menopause can also lead to itching. In the case of hormonal changes in the body, the skin can become drier and cause itching.

Overall, there are many different causes of pruritus ranging from skin diseases to metabolic diseases to infections. A precise diagnosis is therefore important in order to identify the underlying cause and to find appropriate treatment options.

Allergic reaction

Allergic reactions can be triggered by various substances such as cosmetics, cleaning agents and clothing. These reactions can occur in the form of skin reactions, which are often accompanied by severe itching.

There are different types of allergic reactions. A contact allergy usually occurs when the skin comes into contact directly with a certain substance. If a person allergic reacts to a certain cosmetics, they can develop red, itchy skin and possibly develop allergic contact dermatitis. This reaction can occur immediately or delayed.

Another type of allergic reaction is the so-called late type allergy. With this type of reaction, it takes longer for the first symptoms to occur, often only after a few days or weeks. This delay can make it difficult to identify the exact cause of the reaction. With a late type allergy, itching, redness and swelling of the skin can occur.

It is important to recognize symptoms of an allergic reaction to take suitable measures. In addition to itching, these symptoms can also include rash, swelling, burning and reddening. If such symptoms occur, it is advisable to see a doctor to determine the exact cause of the reaction and to receive adequate treatments.

In summary, allergic reactions can be triggered by various substances such as cosmetics, cleaning agents and clothing. They can occur in the form of itching and other skin reactions. It is important to recognize the symptoms and to see a doctor if necessary.

Systemic diseases (e.g. diabetes mellitus)

Systemic diseases such as diabetes mellitus can lead to large -scale itching with node -shaped swelling. These symptoms can be signs of an underlying health problem and should not be ignored. It is important to know that itching and node -shaped swelling can indicate certain systemic diseases.

If you suffer from diabetes mellitus, there is a possibility that itching and swelling will occur due to problems with your blood sugar level. Too high blood sugar levels can lead to dry skin, while too low values ​​can weaken the immune system, which can lead to itchy rashes and swelling. In addition, other systemic diseases such as thyroid diseases, kidney problems or liver diseases can also lead to itching and swelling.

If you have continuing itching with node -shaped swelling, you should see a family doctor. An experienced doctor can carry out the relevant examinations and make a precise diagnosis. The treatment depends on the underlying systemic disease and can include medication or lifestyle -related changes.

It is important to identify and treat systemic diseases at an early stage in order to avoid possible complications and to ensure a better quality of life. Timely medical care is therefore essential to determine the origin of the itching and swelling and to initiate adequate treatment.

Mental illness

Mental illnesses can occur in connection with itching, whereby various factors can be the causes of this state. Itching can be a symptom of a mental illness or be reinforced by it. A possible cause of itching for mental illnesses is the activation of itchneurons in the brain. It is believed that psychological stress and stress can increase the activity of these neurons, which leads to a stronger feeling of itching.

Anxiety disorders such as generalized anxiety disorder or panic disorder as well as depression have often been associated with itching. In the event of anxiety disorders, constant psychological stress can increase the risk of skin diseases and itching. Depression can also be accompanied by itching, and this can be caused by the psychological stress and anti-depressive medication.

The treatment of itching in connection with mental illnesses can include a combination of psychological therapy and drug treatment. In order to relieve the itching, doctors can prescribe specific drugs that treat both mental illness and itching. Psychotherapy can help treat the underlying mental illness and reduce the stress that can lead to increased itching.

Overall, it is important to recognize mental illness as a possible cause of itching and offer appropriate treatment options in order not only to relieve the itching, but also to improve the mental health of those affected.

Psychological stress

Mental stress can have a significant impact on skin diseases such as psoriasis and neurodermatitis. Both diseases are chronic and are often influenced by external factors, stress enclosed. Mental stress can worsen the symptoms of these skin diseases and lead to increased itching.

Stress can influence the immune system and increase inflammation in the body, which in turn can lead to a thrust of symptoms in psoriasis and neurodermatitis. The itching is intensified by psychological stress, as people tend to scratch themselves more and to distract themselves from stress or calm down. This in turn can further irritate the skin and increase the inflammation.

There are many factors that can trigger psychological stress. Work, school, relationships or financial burdens are just a few examples of this. These stress triggers can lead to an imbalance in life and increase disease activity.

Coping with stress and relaxation techniques play an important role in improving the symptoms of psoriasis and neurodermatitis. Regular physical activity, relaxation exercises such as yoga or meditation, sufficient sleep and a healthy diet can contribute to reducing stress. It is also important to take time for yourself and maintain positive social contacts.

Overall, psychological stress is an important factor that can worsen the symptoms of psoriasis and neurodermatitis. The inclusion of coping with stress and relaxation techniques can help reduce the effects of psychological stress on these skin diseases and to improve general well -being.

Spicy food

Sharp food can have different effects on psoriasis. On the one hand, it can make the symptoms worse. Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease characterized by redness, scale formation and itching. Sharp food can increase the itching and make the skin irritation worse. This is mainly due to the main component of sharp spices, capsaicin, which penetrates the skin and leads to a feeling of heat.

On the other hand, there are potential advantages of sharp food for psoriasis patients. Capsaicin can have anti -inflammatory and pain -relieving properties. It can help reduce the inflammation in the affected skin areas and thus to alleviate the symptoms. Sharp food can also stimulate metabolism and improve blood flow, which can contribute to healthier skin overall.

There are various ways to integrate sharp spices into the diet. You can use them, for example, in soups, stews or dressings. Sharp spices can also be used when cooking meat or vegetables. However, it is important that everyone decides individually how much sharpness they can tolerate and whether they worsen the symptoms of psoriasis or not.

Overall, sharp food can have both positive and negative effects on psoriasis. Every psoriasis patient should decide individually how to deal with it and whether he wants to integrate sharp spices into his diet. It is advisable to speak to a doctor or nutritionist in this regard.

Types of itching

Itching is an uncomfortable feeling that is usually associated with a strong desire to scratch. It often occurs in response to external or inner stimuli and can have different causes. The itching can be locally limited or occur all over the body. It can be an acute or chronic itching that can be of different intense ones. The exact cause and type of itching can vary and depends on the trigger. There are different types of itching that require different symptoms and treatment approaches. Itching can be caused by skin diseases such as eczema, psoriasis or urticaria. Insect bites, contact with allergenic substances or infections can also trigger itching. In addition, systemic diseases such as liver or kidney diseases, diabetes or neurodermatitis can also lead to itching. A precise diagnosis of the cause is important in order to effectively treat the itching and to provide relief.

Chronic itching

Chronic itching can be very stressful and a sign of different diseases. It arises from irritated nerve endings in the skin that lead to an intensive, unpleasant feeling of scratch. There are many possible causes of chronic itching, including skin diseases such as eczema, psoriasis and neurodermatitis. Systemic diseases such as kidney or liver diseases, diabetes, thyroid problems and cancer can also cause itching.

The treatment of chronic itching can be challenging because it is important to find and treat the underlying cause. However, there are different treatment options to relieve the itching. Medicines such as antihistamines, corticosteroids and immunosuppressants can help reduce itching. Phototherapy, in which the skin is treated with ultraviolet light, can also be effective. In addition, psychotherapeutic methods such as relaxation techniques and cognitive-behavioral approaches can help control the itching by reducing stress that can increase itching.

Overall, it is important to see a doctor to determine the underlying cause of the chronic itching and to find suitable treatment. With the right measures, the itching can be alleviated and the quality of life improved.

Keywords: chronic itching, causes, diseases, treatment options.

Etiology of the itching

The itching is an uncomfortable feeling on the skin, which often triggers the urge to scratch. There are various reasons why itching can arise. The etiology of the itching affects different factors that can contribute to its occurrence. Itching is often a symptom of an underlying disease or reaction of the body. A common cause of itching is dry skin. Due to the lack of moisture, the skin cannot adequately meet its protective function, which can lead to itching. But allergies can also trigger itching if the body reacts hypersensively to certain substances. Infections, such as fungal infections or insect bites, can also cause itching. In addition, systemic diseases such as liver or kidney diseases can have itching as a symptom. Psychological factors such as stress or fear can also contribute to itching. The etiology of itching is therefore diverse and can have both physical and psychological causes. A precise examination and determination of the underlying cause is important in order to initiate appropriate treatment.

Skin diseases

Skin diseases are widespread and can go hand in hand with various symptoms, including itching. One of the most common causes of itching is dry skin, also known as xeroderma. With this disease, the skin is dry, scaly and can itchy.

Another frequent skin disease that can be accompanied by itching is atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema. This is an inflammatory disease of the skin, which is characterized by redness, swelling, bladder formation and intensive itching.

Contact dermatitis occurs when the skin comes into contact with a certain substance and triggers an allergic reaction. This reaction can cause itching, redness and bladder formation. Frequent triggers are certain metals, cosmetics or cleaning agents.

Haut infections from mushrooms can also cause itching. Mushrooms such as Candida or Dermatophytes can infect the skin and cause symptoms such as reddening, bubble formation and itching.

In addition to the skin diseases mentioned, systemic diseases can also cause itching. Allergic reactions, cholestasis, chronic kidney diseases and hyperthyroidism are examples of such diseases in which itching can occur as a symptom.

Overall, there are a variety of skin diseases that can go hand in itchy. A precise diagnosis by a dermatologist is important to find the right treatment and relieve itching.

Systemic diseases

Systemic diseases are diseases that affect the entire body and are not limited to a certain organ or system. These diseases can have different causes and lead to a number of symptoms, including itching.

Allergic reactions are often associated with itching. In an allergic reaction, the immune system activates the release of histamine, a natural chemical fabric in the body. Histamine leads to an expansion of the blood vessels and increases the permeability, which causes an inflammatory reaction and itching.

A cholestasis is a disturbance of the bile flow rate from the liver parenchyma to the gallbladder and the intestine. The accumulation of bile in the liver can lead to itching, since bile acids stimulate the skin receptors and cause itching.

Chronic kidney diseases can also cause itching. One possible reason for this is the accumulation of urea products in the blood, which are not sufficiently excreted by restricted kidney function. These fabrics can irritate the skin and cause itching.

The thyroid overactive (hyperthyroidism) and the underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) can also cause itching. In hyperthyroidism, the increased histamine metabolism can lead to increased itching. Dry skin can occur in hypothyroidism, which can lead to itching.

The most common causes of itching in systemic diseases are allergic reactions, cholestasis, chronic kidney diseases, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. It is important to identify and treat the underlying disease in order to relieve the itching.


Various medications can be used in the treatment of itching. Antihistamines are a common option to relieve itching. These drugs block the effect of histamine, a chemical messenger that is involved in the development of itching. Antihistamines include hydroxyzin, loratadine, fexofenadin and cetirizin. These drugs can often be effective and are usually taken as tablets.

In some cases, it may be necessary to use systemic medication. In more severe cases, these are used by itching and work in the entire body. An example is doxepin, a tricyclic antidepressant that also has anti -propruritic properties. It can be helpful in chronic itching, which cannot be alleviated by other therapies.

Physical means such as UV phototherapy can also be used to treat itching. UV-B rays can reduce inflammation and relieve itching. This approach is often used in diseases such as psoriasis, eczema and urticaria.

Other drugs that can be effective in certain situations to relieve itching are cholestyramine, Naltrexon and Gabapentin. Cholestyramin binds bile acids in the intestine and can help with itching due to liver diseases such as cholestasis. Naltrexon, a medication for the treatment of opioid dependency, can also relieve itching. Gabapentin, an antiepileptic, can be an advantage in neuropathic itching.

Overall, there are various drugs that can be used to treat itching, including antihistamines, systemic medication and physical means such as UV phototherapy. The choice of the right drug depends on the cause of the itching and should be done in consultation with a doctor.

Rash and itching

Rash and itching are common skin problems that can have different causes. There are various approaches to treat these symptoms.

The treatment of rash and itching depends on the underlying cause. In allergic reactions, antihistamines can be prescribed to relieve itching. Topical corticosteroids can be used for inflammatory rashes to reduce inflammation. Antimicrobial medication can be prescribed for infections.

The most common causes of rash and itching are allergies, insect bites, eczema, psoriasis, fungal infections and irritation through certain chemicals or materials. Careful skin care can help reduce the risk of rashes and itching. This includes regularly cleaning the skin with mild cleaning agents, avoiding irritating substances and applying moisture creams to keep the skin smooth.

It is also important not to worsen the itching by scratching. Wearing loose clothing made of natural materials such as cotton can help protect the skin and relieve the itching.

In summary, it can be said that the treatment of rash and itching depends on the underlying cause. Good skin care and avoiding irritating substances can help reduce the occurrence of these skin problems. With continuing itching or rashes, it is advisable to visit a dermatologist to determine the exact cause and to receive adequate treatment.

Skin itches after showering

Itchy skin after showering can be very uncomfortable and have different causes. A common cause of this problem is dry. Long water contact and hot water can lead to the natural moisture of the skin lost, which in turn can lead to itching. The use of soaps and strong dry rubs can also dry out the skin and increase itching.

In order to alleviate the itching after showering, it is important to take some measures. It is recommended to shorten the shower times and keep the water temperature moderately so as not to dry out the skin. The use of a skin -friendly soap that is free of lovely ingredients is also advisable. After showering, you should dry the skin gently instead of rubbing it hard to avoid irritation.

In addition, it is important to supply the skin sufficiently with moisture after showering. The use of moisturizing skin care, such as moisture cream or lotion, can relieve itching and keep the skin smooth. It is also advisable to pay attention to allergic reactions to certain ingredients in care products and, if necessary, use alternatives.

By observing these precautions and taking appropriate skin care after showering, the itching can be effectively relieved and skin health can be improved.

Itching during pregnancy

Itching during pregnancy is a common symptom that can be due to different causes. During this time, the skin is often more sensitive and drier, which can lead to itching. Hormonal changes can also play a role and increase itching.

A specific disease that can be connected with itching during pregnancy is pregnancy scholesta. This is a disease in which the liver function is disturbed and the bile does not flow properly. Pregnancy scoles can lead to severe itching, especially on palms and soles of the feet. Another possible cause of itching are gallstones that block the bile flow and also lead to complaints.

Another illness that can cause itching during pregnancy is herpes gestationis. Herpes gestationis is a rare autoimmune disease that causes bubbles and itching on the skin. This disease usually occurs in the second or third trimester of pregnancy and can subside itself after the birth of the child.

It is important to see a doctor if the itching continues during pregnancy or is particularly strong. The doctor can determine the exact cause of the itching and recommend suitable treatment options to relieve the discomfort.

Other causes of itching

Itching can occur for various reasons, including hormonal diseases, internal diseases, neurological and psychiatric diseases as well as taking medication and stimulants.

Hormonal diseases such as thyroid problems or diabetes can lead to itching because they can influence the metabolism in the body and irritate the skin. Internal diseases such as liver diseases or kidney problems can also cause itching, since the functional disorders there can accumulate toxic substances in the body, which are then excreted via the skin.

Neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis or Parkinson's can also cause itching because they can affect the nerve function. Psychiatric diseases such as depression or anxiety disorders can also lead to itching because the psychological condition of a patient can affect the physical condition.

Taking certain drugs such as pain relievers, blood pressure medication or antibiotics can also cause itching, as these can cause allergic reactions in some cases. Certain stimulants such as alcohol or nicotine can also cause itching because they can influence the metabolism and blood circulation.

Overall, hormonal diseases, internal diseases, neurological and psychiatric diseases as well as taking medication and stimulants can lead to itching, since they can influence the body in different ways. It is important to identify the individual causes of itching and to initiate appropriate treatments in order to achieve relief.

Itching in the intimate area and on other parts of the body

Itching can occur at different parts of the body, both in the genital area and on other areas of the body. In the intimate area, itching can be an indicator of a variety of skin diseases. For example, a fungal infection, such as a Candida mushroom, can lead to great itching on the genitals. The symptoms can include reddening, swelling, whitish discharge and burning.

Other skin diseases can also affect the genital area and cause itching. For example, an allergic reaction to certain hygiene products, such as soaps or detergents, can lead to itching. Another possible cause is an infection with sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia or herpes.

In addition to the genital area, other parts of the body can also be affected by itching. Skin diseases such as psoriasis or eczema can occur at different parts of the body and cause severe itching. In psoriasis, the itching can occur in the form of scale formation, reddening and dry skin, while eczema can lead to inflamed, itchy and oozing skin areas.

It is important to emphasize that itching can occur at any body and can be an indication of different diseases. If the itching continues for more than a few days or is accompanied by other symptoms, a doctor should be consulted to determine the underlying cause and to initiate adequate treatment.

Means against itching

Means against itching are diverse and can help with both light and stronger itching symptoms. In the case of lighter skin problems, simple home remedies such as cold compresses or applying apple cider vinegar can provide relief. Cooling and the calming effect of the vinegar can temporarily reduce the itching. Good skin care is also important to prevent itching. Regular showering with mild products and avoiding water that is too hot can calm the skin and reduce itching.

Dermatological ointments and creams can help with stronger itching symptoms. These often contain anti -propruritic active ingredients such as cortisone, menthol or zinc oxide. They have an anti -inflammatory and calming effect on the skin. By applying the ointment or cream, the itching is treated specifically and the skin is protected and regenerated.

However, it should be noted that a doctor should be consulted with strong and persistent itching in order to determine the exact cause and to receive suitable therapy. Certain skin diseases or allergic reactions may require specific treatments. In general, however, a combination of simple home remedies, good skin care and dermatological ointments or creams can help relieve itching and improve the well -being of the skin.

What can relieve the itching

Itching is an uncomfortable feeling on the skin, which is often caused by various factors such as allergies, insect bites or skin irritation. Fortunately, there are various measures that can alleviate the itching.

One possibility is to use creams or lotions that contain ingredients such as menthol, camphor, lidocaine or polidocanol. These substances have a cooling and calming effect on the skin that can relieve the itching. Pasting -containing pastes can also be helpful because they protect the skin and have an anti -inflammatory effect.

In addition, cortisone -containing ointments or creams can be used to relieve the itching. These drugs have an anti -inflammatory effect and can be used in the event of severe itching. However, it is important to only use them after consultation with a doctor.

Antihistamines can also be taken to reduce itching. These drugs block the effect of histamine, a chemical fabric that is involved in allergic reactions.

To prevent itching, certain measures can be taken. This includes avoiding foods that are reacted to allergic, as well as wearing certain types of tissue that can irritate the skin. It is also advisable to shorten the nails regularly to avoid injuries and thus itching.

Overall, there are various ways to relieve and prevent itching. With persistent or very severe itching, however, it is always advisable to see a doctor to clarify the cause and to receive appropriate treatment options.

Itching with allergy, pseudo -allergy, animal poison contact

Itching is an uncomfortable feeling on the skin, which is often accompanied by a strong desire to scratch or rub. It can be triggered by various causes, including allergies, pseudo -allergies and direct contact with animal poisons.

Itching with allergy: Allergies occur when the immune system reacts to certain substances such as pollen, animal hair or food. This leads to a release of histamine, a chemical substance that causes itching. The affected people typically develop an allergic reaction in which they have to deal with itchy skin, redness and swelling.

Itching in pseudo -allergy: Pseudo allergies are similar in their symptoms, but are not triggered by the immune system. They result from a direct reaction of the body to certain substances, such as medication or additives in food. Here, too, itchy rashes can occur, which are associated with severe itching.

Itching when contacting animal poison: direct contact with certain animals or their poisons can also cause itching. Certain insect bites, such as mosquitoes or bees, can trigger an allergic reaction in which itchy red bumps form on the skin. Likewise, contact with poisonous plants or reactions to snake bites can lead to itching.

It is important to identify the cause of the itching in order to be able to take suitable measures to relieve the symptoms. In many cases, antihistamines or creams can help reduce itching and relieve the symptoms.

Food as a trigger of itching

Itching can be triggered by different foods and is a frequent symptom of food allergies. Food allergy occurs when a person's immune system overreacts to certain proteins in food. Foods that can cause itching usually include eggs, fish, dairy products, nuts, soy, wheat and shellfish. In addition to itching, symptoms of food allergy can also be reddening of skin, swelling, abdominal pain and nausea. In more severe cases, breathing difficulties and an anaphylactic shock can also occur that can be life -threatening.

Atopia and various allergic diseases increase the risk of food allergy. Atopia is a genetic predisposition to allergic reactions in which the immune system is sensitized. People with atopic disposition have an increased risk of food allergies and other allergic diseases such as asthma or hay fever. Pseudo -allergic reactions can also cause itching and are often confused with real food allergies. They occur in food due to certain chemicals and can cause itching, rashes and other symptoms in sensitive people.

The most common foods in food allergies are dairy products, eggs, soy, wheat, peanuts, tree nuts, fish and shellfish. Examples of possible allergic reactions are reddening of the skin, swelling on the face or on the lips, itching all over the body, gastrointestinal complaints and breathing difficulties.

Overall, itching in food allergies is a common symptom that can be triggered by eating certain foods. People with atopic disposition or other allergic diseases have an increased risk of food allergies and should pay particular attention to possible allergic reactions.

Medicines as a trigger of itching

Itching can be triggered by various medication, both allergic and pseudo -allergic reactions are possible. The medication that can cause itching include acetylsalicylic acid, antimalaria medium, ACE inhibitors, opiates and X-ray contrast agents.

A well -known example of a medication that can trigger itching is acetylsalicylic acid, also known as aspirin. It is used for pain relief and treatment of inflammation, but can cause allergic reactions in some people that can express themselves in the form of itching.

Antimalaria medium such as chloroquin or hydroxychloroquin are used to prevent or treat malaria. In some people, they can cause allergic reactions that are associated with itching.

ACE inhibitors are used to treat high blood pressure and can also cause itching if the body reacts allergically to it.

Opiates, strong pain relievers such as morphine or codeine, can cause allergic or pseudo -allergic reactions in some people that can be connected with itching.

X-ray contrast agents that are used for better representation of organs in X-ray or CT examinations can also trigger itching as an allergic reaction.

It is important to consider the individual tolerance of medication and to see a doctor for unusual skin reactions, such as itching.

Animal poison contact: caterpillar hair as a trigger of itching

Animal poison contact by caterpillar hair, in particular the oak processionary spinner, can lead to severe itching. This itching is often perceived as very uncomfortable and can have different causes.

In some people, itching appears as an allergic reaction to the caterpillar hair. Your body reacts hypersensively to the allergens that are released by the hair, causing the unpleasant symptoms. This type of itching is called an allergic reaction.

Another possible cause of the itching is the so -called pseudo -allergy. This is a hypersensitivity reaction of the immune system that triggers similar symptoms to an allergy, but without an allergic reaction. In this state, too, caterpillar hair can act as a trigger of itching.

Another problem that can result from contact with caterpillar hair is the so -called caterpillar matitis. This is an inflammatory skin reaction that is triggered by the hair of the caterpillars. These hair contain a poison that can irritate the skin and thus cause itching.

In order to treat animal poison contact with caterpillar hair as the cause of itching, those affected should primarily avoid contact with the caterpillars and their hair. However, if the itching has already occurred, cooling gels or ointments as well as anti -allergic medication can be used to relieve the symptoms. In severe cases, it is advisable to see a doctor who can prescribe further treatment options such as cortisone preparations.

Itching: Typical skin diseases

Itching is a frequent symptom of different skin diseases. It is an unpleasant sensation that leads to scratching. Itching often occurs in connection with rashes. There are numerous causes of itching, from allergies and infections to dry skin and insect bites. Some people may suffer from chronic itching, who can severely affect their everyday life. It is important to identify the exact cause of the itching in order to find suitable treatment. In some cases, a medical examination may be necessary to diagnose and treat the underlying disease. There are also various measures that can help temporarily relieve the itching, such as applying cooling creams or avoiding contact with potentially irritating fabrics. The treatment of the itching depends on the cause, and early treatment can help to reduce the discomfort and avoid possible complications.

Ekzeme: The most common skin diseases worldwide

Eczema are the most common skin diseases worldwide and can occur in different ways, including atopic eczema, contact eczema and seborrheic eczema.

Atopic eczema, also known as neurodermatitis, is a chronic disease that usually begins in childhood. It is accompanied by itching, dry skin, redness and skin scales. The exact cause is not known, but both genetic and environmental factors play a role.

The contact eczema occurs when the skin comes into contact with certain substances, such as nickel, perfume or chemicals. Typical symptoms are reddening, blistering, itching and swelling in the affected areas. The reaction can occur immediately or develop over a few hours or days.

Seborrheic eczema mainly occurs on hairy skin, such as the scalp or face. It manifests itself through redness, itching, scaling and greasy skin. The exact cause is not known, but it is assumed that excessive sebum production and the influence of yeast mushrooms play a role.

To treat eczema, topical corticosteroids or anti -inflammatory creams are usually recommended. It is also important to avoid the trigger that the symptoms can make. In severe cases, systemic treatment may be necessary.

In summary, eczema are skin diseases that have different causes and symptoms. The symptoms can be effectively alleviated by diagnosis and corresponding treatment.

Acne (acne vulgaris)

Acne, also known as Acne Vulgaris, is a common skin disease that occurs primarily during puberty. Bolds, pimples and skin -irritating stains, which often occur on the face, chest and back, are characteristic. The symptoms vary depending on the severity of the acne. Slight forms of acne are characterized by the appearance of improvements and a few inflamed pimples. These usually appear in the T-zones of the face, including the forehead, nose and chin. Medium -heavy acne shows more inflammatory pimples and papules that cause red and sublime stains on the skin. Heavy forms of acne can contain cystic acne in which painful, large, inflamed lesions can occur in the skin. This type of acne can have serious effects on self -esteem and mental health. It can also lead to many physical complications, including scarring, hyperpigmentation and skin infections. Overall, acne can be a very stressful disease that requires well -founded medical treatment.

Keywords: acne, acne vulgaris, symptoms, skin areas, heavy shapes.

Psoriasis (psoriasis)

Psoriasis, also known as psoriasis, is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease caused by genetic and immunological factors. With this disease, the skin renewal process is accelerated, which causes dead skin cells to accelerate and thicken dead skin cells faster than usual. The trigger for psoriasis can be varied, including stress, infections, certain medication or skin injuries.

Typical symptoms of psoriasis are reddened and scaly skin areas that can often itch. The elbows, knees, scalp and the lower back are usually affected, but other areas of the body can also be affected. However, it is important to note that not all skin changes itch, and this can vary on a case -by -case basis.

In order to alleviate the symptoms of psoriasis, Eucerin has developed the urea pair plus series. This product line contains skin -care ingredients such as urea and lactate, which can supply the skin with moisture and reduce itching. Another product of Eucerin is the Aquaphore Protect & Repair ointment, which was specially developed for care for psoriasis and has a calming effect on irritated and dry skin.

The Eucerin urea pair plus series and the Aquaphore Protect & Repair ointment are therefore ideal care products for relieving itching and dryness in psoriasis. They help relieve the symptoms and improve the complexion.

Bladdering diseases of the skin: bullous dermatoses, hives

Bladdering diseases of the skin, such as bullous dermatoses and hives, are diseases that are characterized by the occurrence of bubbles or wheels on the skin.

The bullous dermatoses are a group of autoimmune diseases in which the immune system accidentally forms antibodies against structures in the skin and thus causes bladder formation. An example of a bullous dermatosis is dermatitis herpetiformis duhring, in which the bladder formation is triggered by gluten intolerance. Another typical bullous dermatosis is the bullous pemphigoid, in which bladder formation is caused by antibodies against the baseline membrane of the skin.

Nettle addiction, also called urticaria, is an inflammatory skin disease that is characterized by the sudden occurrence of itchy wheels on the skin. The causes of hives can be varied, such as food allergies, medication intolerances or infections.

The treatment options for bullous dermatoses and hives vary depending on the individual case. Corticosteroid -containing creams or systemic immunosuppressants can be used to relieve the symptoms in bullous dermatoses. In the case of hives, antihistamines can be taken to relieve itching. In some cases, specific allergen avoidance may also be necessary.

Overall, bullous dermatoses and hives are diseases of the skin that are associated with itching and bladder formation. A precise diagnosis and individual treatment are important to relieve the symptoms and avoid complications.

Metabolic disorder plus light: erythropoietic protoporphyria

The erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is a rare genetically related metabolic disease that can occur in childhood. In this disease, those affected suffer from the excessive sensitivity of their skin to light. Short exposure can lead to severe complaints. The skin reacts with redness, inflammation and painful swelling. Another frequent symptom of the EPP is itching, which often feels unbearable and affects the quality of life considerably.

In addition to the dermatological complaints, complications in the area of ​​the liver can also occur with EPP patients. The increased formation of protoporphyrin in the red blood cells leads to the accumulation of this substance in the liver. This can create gallstones that are noticeable by severe pain in the upper abdomen. In the long term there is a risk of liver complications such as fibrosis or even liver cirrhosis.

Treatment of erythropoietic protoporphyria is difficult. Those affected must protect themselves from UV radiation by wearing the appropriate protective clothing and avoiding sunlight. In addition, beta blockers or medication can be used to remove protoporphyrin from the body to relieve the symptoms. Nevertheless, EPP remains a lifelong challenge for the affected children and their families.

Mastocytosis: skin mastocytosis and systemic mastocytosis

Mastocytosis is a rare disease that leads to an uncontrolled increase in mast cells. These cells play an important role in allergic reactions because they release inflammatory mediators. There are two main forms of mastocytosis, skin mastocytosis and systemic mastocytosis.

Skin mastocytosis is the most common form of the disease. It manifests itself through itchy skin changes called urticaria pigmentosa. These changes have the shape of red spots, nodules or bubbles. There is severe itching in many patients. The trigger of this itching can be friction, heat, cold or emotional factors, among other things.

In addition to the skin, systemic mastocytosis also affects other organs such as bone marrow, liver or spleen. The symptoms are diverse and can range from continuing itching to intestinal complaints, headaches, fatigue and bone pain. With this form of mastocytosis, different triggers can cause worse of the symptoms, including certain foods, alcohol, stress or medication such as pain relievers or antibiotics.

There are different forms of skin mastocytosis, including solitary mastocytomes and diffuse of Kutaner mastocytosis. The diagnosis is made by a skin biopsy in which a tissue sample is removed and examined under the microscope.

Overall, mastocytosis significantly influences the quality of life of those affected, since the itching and the associated skin changes can be heavily stressful. It is important that the disease is recognized early and treated accordingly in order to relieve the symptoms and avoid complications.

Skin parasites: fleas, lice, bed bugs, mites

Skin parasites are small organisms that live on or in the skin and feed on it. They can cause various symptoms and effects, including itching and skin irritation. Some frequent skin parasites are fleas, lice, bed bugs and mites.

Fleas are small insects that rely on the blood of people or animals. When you bite, you leave itchy, red bumps on the skin. Fleas usually prefer warm areas such as the knees, elbows or the area around the waist.

Lice are also insects that live on the scalp, pubic hair or armpits. The bite of a laus causes severe itching and leads to a reaction of the skin. Scratches can lead to skin irritation or even infections.

Bed bugs are flat, oval insects that live in mattresses, bed frames or sofa cracks. They come out at night to suck blood from their hosts. The bites of bed bugs cause itchy, reddened skin areas. Sometimes they can cause a rash or bladder formation.

Must of scribs dig into the skin and cause the scabies, a very contagious skin disease. The mites drill into the skin and lay their eggs, which leads to severe itching. The affected skin areas can ignite and even cause infections.

Overall, these skin parasites cause itchy bite points and skin irritation that can be extremely uncomfortable. It is important to fight such parasites quickly and seek medical help to avoid possible complications.