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Leichte Antidepressiva
Pharmaceuticals

Mild antidepressants

Antidepressants are a class of medications used to treat depression as well as a number of other conditions, including anxiety disorders, chronic pain syndromes and certain sleep disorders. They work by affecting the balance of certain neurotransmitters in the brain, such as serotonin, dopamine and noradrenaline, which play a key role in regulating mood and emotional well-being
  • Laif 900 Balance

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    BAYER VITAL

    The total dose should not be exceeded without consulting a doctor or pharmacist. Take the medicine with liquid (e.g. 1 glass of water). In princip...

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  • Kneipp® St John's Wort Coated Tablets H

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    MeinArztbedarf.com

    Traditional herbal medicinal product for the relief of mental exhaustion Contains St John's wort powder and other excipients For adults for use in...

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    Jarsin 300mg Active ingredient: St John's wort dry extract Use for depressive moods Dosage: one tablet 3 times daily Duration of use: 4-6 weeks Po...

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  • Neuroplant® AKTIV for depressive moods

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    Dr. Willmar Schwabe

    Herbal medicine Treatment of depressive moods 1 film-coated tablet once daily Take whole with liquid Discuss side effects with your doctor Not for...

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    VIATRIS HEALTHCARE GMBH

    Medicines with St. John's wort 425mg To be taken with liquid Observe the dosage Note hypersensitivity to ingredients Possible undesirable effects ...

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    NEURAPAS balance Suitable for nervous restlessness, moodiness Natural mixture of valerian, St John's wort and passionflower Do not use for longer ...

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    Take Hyperforat 250mg for mild mood disorders 1 tablet 2-3 times a day Suitable for adolescents from 12 years and adults Do not use for longer tha...

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    Do not exceed the total dose Method of administration: Take with liquid Duration of use: No longer than 4 weeks without medical advice Overdose: I...

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    Natural anti-depressant High light sensitivity of the skin Has a mood-enhancing and sleep-inducing effect Not suitable for children and adolescent...

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    Neuroplant 300 mg Novo film-coated tablets Active ingredient: St John's wort dry extract For mild temporary depressive disorders Take 1 film-coate...

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    Pascoe pharmazeutische Präparate GmbH

    Herbal medicine for depressive moods Contains passion flower dry extract, St. John's wort dry extract and valerian root dry extract Dosage: 2 film...

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The purpose of antidepressants

Antidepressants play an important role in the treatment of mental illnesses such as depression, anxiety disorders and obsessive -compulsive disorders. Their main purpose is to relieve the symptoms of these diseases and help those affected to live a normal life.

Antidepressants belong to the group of psychotropic drugs and influence the chemical messenger substances in the brain, especially the neurotransmitters. By taking antidepressants, these messenger substances can be brought back into balance and thereby improve the mood and general well -being.

Antidepressants are used in close cooperation with a specialist who defines the appropriate dosage and type of antidepressant according to the individual situation of the patient. There are different types of antidepressants, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), tricyclic antidepressants and monoaminoxidase inhibitors (MAO inhibitor). Each of these active ingredients has different advantages and disadvantages and is prescribed according to the needs of the patient.

The effect of antidepressants does not occur immediately, but can take several weeks. It is therefore important to have patience and take the medication regularly, even if there is no improvement in the first few days. The effect can vary depending on the person and sometimes it is necessary to try different medications to find the optimal form of treatment.

It is important to emphasize that antidepressants are not a miracle cure and are not enough to heal mental illnesses. They should always be used in combination with other forms of therapy such as psychotherapy or behavioral therapy. This treatment combination can bring the best possible benefit for the patient and increase the chances of sustainable recovery.

Despite their effectiveness, antidepressants also pose certain risks and side effects. Each patient reacts differently to the medication, and unwanted effects such as nausea, sleep disorders, weight changes or sexual dysfunction can occur. Therefore, close monitoring of the course of treatment by the treating doctor is required in order to identify any side effects that occur in good time and to adapt them accordingly.

Overall, the purpose of antidepressants is to reduce the symptoms of mental illnesses and help those affected to regain their quality of life. Due to their effect on the neurotransmitters in the brain, antidepressants can restore the emotional balance and pave the way for successful therapy. However, it is important that the use of antidepressants is well coordinated and is always under medical supervision in order to ensure the best possible effect and safety for the patient.

Common types of antidepressants

There are different types of antidepressants that are used to treat depression. Each antidepressant belongs to a certain group of medication that has different effects on the body. In this article we will deal with the common types of antidepressants.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIS) are the most frequently prescribed type of antidepressant. They increase the amount of serotonin, a neurotransmitter who is responsible for mood regulation, in the brain. SSRIS have fewer side effects compared to older antidepressants and are therefore a good choice for many people.

Tricyclic antidepressants (TCA) are an older class of antidepressants. They also increase the amount of serotonin and noradrenaline in the brain. Although TCA can be effective in the treatment of depression, they have more often side effects such as fatigue, weight gain and dry mouth.

Monoaminooxidase inhibitors (MAO inhibitors) are antidepressants that block the monoaminooxidase, an enzyme that is responsible for the breakdown of serotonin and noradrenaline. Due to possible serious side effects, MAO inhibitors are usually only prescribed if other antidepressants were not effective. A special diet must be observed when taking MAO inhibitors, since certain foods can have interactions with the medication.

Atypical antidepressants are an cross -age group of antidepressants that have different mechanisms of action. You can increase serotonin levels, but also influence other neurochemical receptors. This type of antidepressant is often used to treat depression if other drugs were not effective or caused unwanted side effects.

It is important to note that antidepressants are not suitable for everyone and that an individual adjustment of the medication is necessary. Every person reacts differently to antidepressants, and it can take some time for the optimal dosage and type of drug to be found. It is therefore important that antidepressants are taken under medical supervision.

Antidepressants can help treat depression and other mental illnesses, but they are not a panacea. It is important that people with depression also pay attention to other treatment methods such as psychotherapy, movement and a healthy lifestyle.

Tricyclic antidepressants

Tricyclic antidepressants are a class of medication used to treat depression. They are among the oldest antidepressants and were first introduced in the 1950s. The name "tricyclical" refers to the chemical structure of these medication, which consists of three rings.

Tricyclic antidepressants work by increasing the serotonin and noradrenaline level in the brain. These neurotransmitters are of crucial importance for the regulation of the mood and emotions. In people with depression, these mirrors are often humiliated, which leads to mood swings, listlessness and other symptoms.

Tricyclic antidepressants have shown a good therapeutic effect in severe depression. They can also be used in other mental disorders such as anxiety and obsessive -compulsive disorders. Due to their strong effects, however, they are usually only recommended in severe cases.

There are various tricyclic antidepressants on the market, including amitriptylin, imipramine and nortriptylin. The selection of a suitable drug depends on the patient's individual needs and symptoms.

As with all medication, tricyclic antidepressants can have side effects. This includes dry mouth, constipation, weight gain and tiredness. Some people can also have increased sensitivity to sunlight. It is important to observe the intake of these medication under medical supervision in order to avoid unwanted reactions.

Tricyclic antidepressants should not be stopped suddenly because this can lead to withdrawal symptoms. The doctor will gradually reduce the dose to minimize the risk of deducting symptoms.

Overall, tricyclic antidepressants are an important treatment option for people with depression and other mental disorders. You can help improve the mood and increase the quality of life of the patients. However, it is important to take you in close cooperation with a specialist to ensure the right dosage and surveillance.

Mechanism

Antidepressants are medication used to treat depression. Their main goal is to improve the mood and relieve depressive symptoms. But how exactly do these medication work?

The mechanism of action of antidepressants is based on the regulation of messenger substances in the brain, especially serotonin, noradrenaline and dopamine. These messenger substances, also called neurotransmitter, are responsible for the signal transmission between nerve cells and influence our mood, emotions and motivation.

Different types of antidepressants intervene in the metabolism of these neurotransmitter in different ways. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) are the most frequently prescribed class of antidepressants. They block the resumption of serotonin into the synapse gap, which leads to increased availability of this neurotransmitter. This allows the nerve cells to communicate better and the mood is positively influenced.

Tricyclic antidepressants (TZA), on the other hand, inhibit the resumption of serotonin, but also from noradrenaline. As a result, they have a stronger effect on both neurotransmitters and are often used for heavier depression. Monoaminoxidase inhibitors (MAO inhibitors) work in a different way by inhibiting the enzyme monoaminoxidase. This enzyme is responsible for the reduction of neurotransmitters, which increases its concentration in the brain.

However, the exact mechanism of action of antidepressants is not yet fully understood. It is believed that the changes in the brain metabolism that occur due to the intake of antidepressants lead to an improvement in neurochemical balance. This can lead to a relief of depressive symptoms.

It is important to note that antidepressants do not work immediately, but usually take a few weeks until the first positive effects can be felt. You can also cause side effects such as sleep disorders, weight gain or sexual dysfunction.

Overall, antidepressants play an important role in the treatment of depression. Due to their regulating effect on the neurotransmitters in the brain, they can help people improve their mood and regain their quality of life. Nevertheless, it is crucial that antidepressants are always taken in consultation with a doctor who takes into account the individual needs and possible risks.

Side effects

From antidepressants

Antidepressants are an important group of drugs for the treatment of depression and other mental illnesses. They act on the neurotransmitters in the brain by increasing their availability or inhibiting their resumption. This allows you to alleviate the symptoms of depression and improve the patient's state of mind.

However, antidepressants also cover side effects that have to be taken into account. These side effects can vary from person to person and often depend on the type of antidepressant used.

A common side effect of antidepressants is weight gain. Many people increase in weight while taking these medication, which can be due to a slow -in metabolic rate. This can lead to frustration in the patients, as they may have difficulty checking their weight.

Another possible problem with taking antidepressants are sexual dysfunction. Many patients report a reduced libido, difficulties in achieving an orgasm or a general sexual reluctance. This can affect the quality of life and lead to problems in relationships.

Some people also experience sleep disorders as a side effect of antidepressants. You may have difficulty falling asleep or sleeping through, which can lead to general tiredness and a deterioration in the mood. However, sleep is essential for health and well -being, so it is important to discuss such side effects with the treating doctor.

Effectiveness in the treatment of depression

Antidepressants are medication used to treat depression. Their effectiveness of this disease has been scientifically proven and has helped many people to alleviate their symptoms and improve their quality of life.

Depression are mental disorders that can comment on long -lasting depression, loss of interest, lack of energy and sometimes also suicidal thoughts. They can severely affect emotional, cognitive and physical well -being. To treat this state, doctors and psychiatrists use various therapeutic approaches, including the ordinance of antidepressants.

Antidepressants are available in different classes, which include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIS), tricyclic antidepressants, serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (snris) and others. These drugs are intended to restore the balance of neurotransmitters in the brain, since depression are often associated with an imbalance of these chemical messenger substances.

The effectiveness of antidepressants is based on numerous clinical studies and experience reports of patients. In many cases, these drugs can reduce the symptoms of depression such as sadness, listlessness, sleep disorders and anxiety. They help those affected to maintain a more stable atmosphere and to better manage everyday life.

Nevertheless, it is important to emphasize that antidepressants are not the best solution for every patient and that they alone are not enough to completely heal depression. Holistic treatment, including psychotherapeutic support and possible changes in lifestyle, is often required.

Another important aspect in the treatment of depression is that not all antidepressants are equally effective for every patient. Every person reacts differently to medication, so it may be necessary to try out different types of antidepressants in order to find the most suitable preparation.

In summary, it can be said that antidepressants can play an important role in the treatment of depression. Their effectiveness is based on scientific knowledge and positive results in many cases. Nevertheless, the decision for drug treatment should always be made closely with a doctor or psychiatrist in order to take into account the patient's individual needs and risks.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIS)

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIS) are among the most frequently prescribed antidepressants on the market. They are a class of medication that aims at the hormone serotonin in the brain to treat the symptoms of depression.

SSRIS work by inhibiting the resumption of serotonin in the nerve cells. As a result, more serotonin remains in the synaptic gap, which leads to an improved transmission of nerve signals. This increased serotonin level can help stabilize the mood and relieve depressive symptoms.

Another advantage of SSRIS is that you have fewer side effects compared to older antidepressants. Frequent side effects such as dizziness, fatigue and sexual dysfunction can occur, but are usually temporary and mild. Compared to tricyclic antidepressants, which can cause a number of unpleasant side effects, SSRIS are well tolerated.

However, it is important to note that SSRIs are not suitable for everyone. Every person is unique and can react differently to these medication. A thorough medical examination and advice is therefore important to find the correct treatment method.

In addition, SSRIs can also add non-drug therapies such as psychotherapy. A combination of medication and therapy can often be the most effective approach to treat depression.

Despite the advantages of SSRIS, there are also some possible risks. Especially during the initial phase of intake, some people can experience a deterioration in depressive symptoms or even suicidal thoughts. For this reason, it is important to work closely with a doctor while taking SSRIs to evaluate possible risks and take appropriate measures.

In general, SSRIS are an important option in the treatment of depression. They offer a relatively safe and effective way to support people in coping with this mental illness. By regulating the serotonin mirror, SSRIS can make a significant contribution to stabilizing the mood and improving the quality of life of those affected. However, individual advice and surveillance by a specialist should always take place in order to find the most suitable treatment.

How ssris work

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIS) are a frequently used type of antidepressant that are used to treat depression. But how do these medication actually work?

The name SSRIS already gives an indication of your mechanism of action - you inhibit the resumption of the neurotransmitter serotonin in the brain. Serotonin is a chemical messenger that plays an important role in regulating mood, sleep, appetite and other psychological functions.

In people with depression, an imbalance of the serotonin level in the brain can often be determined. This is where SSRIS come into play: by blocking the resumption of serotonin in certain brain regions, this remains longer in the synaptic gap, i.e. in the area between the nerve cells. This increases the signal transmission of serotonin between the nerve cells, which can lead to a positive change in the mood and emotional balance.

However, the exact mechanism of action of SSRIS has not yet been fully clarified. It is believed that they not only increase serotonin activity, but also influence other neuronal processes, such as the activity of other neurotransmitters such as dopamine and noradrenaline.

As a rule, SSRIS are taken over a longer period of time because their effect does not start immediately. It can take a few weeks for the full effect to be achieved. It is therefore important to comply with the prescribed dosage and duration of the dose in order to achieve an optimal therapeutic effect.

It is also important to note that SSRIS cannot be effective in every patient. Every person reacts individually to antidepressants, and it may be that a different kind of medication is required to treat depressive symptoms.

Nevertheless, SSRIs have shown a positive effect in many people in recent decades and helped them alleviate the symptoms of depression. They play an important role in the psychopharmacological treatment of depression and are still intensively researched in order to better understand their exact mechanism of action and long -term effects.

Common ssris on the market

Antidepressants are medication that is primarily used to treat depression. One of the most frequently prescribed groups of antidepressants are the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, also known as SSRIS ("Selective Serotonin Reuptake inhibitor"). These drugs work by blocking the resumption of the neurotransmitter serotonin in the brain, which leads to increased availability of serotonin.

Various common SSRIs are available on the market, which are often prescribed by doctors. One of the most famous SSRIs is fluoxetine, which is marketed under the trade name "Prozac". Fluoxetine is often used in depression, bulimia nervosa and obsessive -compulsive disorders. It has a mood -enhancing and fear -relieving effect.

Another popular SSRI is Sertralin, which is known under the trade name "Zoloft". Sertralin is particularly prescribed for depression, panic disorders, social phobia and post -traumatic stress disorder. It helps to reduce symptoms such as sadness, listlessness and fear.

Another SSRIS is escitalopram that is sold under the trade name "Cipralex". It is used to treat depression and generalized anxiety disorder. Escitalopram helps reduce depressive symptoms and increases general well -being.

In addition to these common SSRIS, there are other such as paroxetine (trade names Paxil) and Citalopram (trade name Celexa), which are also used to treat depression and anxiety disorders.

However, it is important to note that the choice of suitable SSRIS should be made individually and depends on various factors such as the clinical picture, the symptoms and the patient tolerance. It is therefore important that the treating doctor thoroughly examines patients and takes their specific needs into account in order to select the right medication.

Although SSRIS represent an effective treatment option for depression and other mental disorders, side effects can occur. The usual side effects of SSRIS are, for example, nausea, sleep disorders, weight changes and sexual dysfunction. It is therefore important that patients talk to their doctor regularly in order to discuss any undesirable effects and take suitable measures.

Finally, SSRIS can be regarded as an important option in the treatment of depression and other mental disorders. Together with professional therapy, these drugs can help patients relieve their symptoms and improve their quality of life. However, it is important that they are taken under medical supervision to ensure an optimal effect and security.

Comparison with tricyclic antidepressants

Tricyclic antidepressants are part of an older generation of medication that is used to treat depression. Compared to modern antidepressants such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIS), tricyclic antidepressants have some differences.

Tricyclic antidepressants were first introduced in the 1950s and at that time were a significant development in the psychopharmacological treatment of depression. They act on various neurotransmitter systems in the brain, including serotonin and noradrenaline. This enables the mood to be stabilized and depressive symptoms.

Compared to the more modern antidepressants, tricyclic antidepressants have a number of side effects. Some of the most common side effects are dry mouth, constipation, weight gain, dizziness and sedative effects. These side effects can be uncomfortable for many patients and impair their quality of life. In addition, there is also an increased risk of life -threatening side effects such as cardiac arrhythmias with tricyclic antidepressants.

Another important difference between tricyclic antidepressants and more modern antidepressants is the way they are metabolized in the body. Tricyclic antidepressants have a longer half -life, which means that they remain longer in the body and take longer to be broken down. This can lead to an extended duration of action, but also to ensure that the concentration of the drug in the blood is higher.

Due to these differences, tricyclic antidepressants are rarely used today as the first choice for the treatment of depression. Modern antidepressants such as SSRIS are often preferred because they have improved compatibility and cause fewer serious side effects. Nevertheless, tricyclic antidepressants can still be used in certain cases, for example in patients who do not adequately appeal to other antidepressants.

Overall, the comparison of tricyclic antidepressants with more modern antidepressants is important to understand the various advantages and disadvantages of these medication. The choice of the right antidepressant should always be made in consultation with a doctor who takes into account the patient's individual needs and circumstances. Antidepressants can help relieve depressive symptoms, but it is important to know both the potential advantages and the possible risks.

Selective serotonin-norepinephrin reuptake inhibitors (snris)

Selective serotonin-norepinephrin reuptake inhibitors (SNRIS) are a class of antidepressants that are often used to treat depression. As the name suggests, they work by inhibiting the resumption of serotonin and norepinephrin in the brain.

Serotonin and Norepinephrin are important neurotransmitter that are involved in regulating the mood and emotions. An imbalance of these neurotransmitters can lead to symptoms of depression, such as persistent sadness, interest and lack of drive.

Snris increase the availability of serotonin and norepinephrin in the brain by blocking their resumption into the nerve cells. This extends the time in which these neurotransmitters can act in the synaptic gap, which leads to increased signal transmission and effect. This increased level of neurotransmitter helps to relieve the symptoms of depression and improve the mood.

An advantage of SNRIS compared to other antidepressant classes such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIS) is that they also inhibit the resumption of norepinephrin. This often makes them more effective in symptoms such as lack of energy, sleep disorders and difficulties of concentration, which are often associated with depression.

It is important to note that snris, like all antidepressants, do not develop their effects immediately. It can take several weeks for a noticeable improvement in the symptoms. It is therefore important to be patient and take the medication regularly, even if there are no major changes.

As with all medication, Snris can have side effects. The most common include nausea, headache, dizziness, sleep disorders and sexual problems. In most cases, however, these side effects are temporary and decrease over time. It is important to discuss these potential side effects with the treating doctor in order to take suitable measures if necessary.

Snris are an effective and frequently used means for the treatment of depression. They offer a way to restore the balance of neurotransmitters in the brain and relieve the symptoms of depression. However, it is important that Snris are only taken under medical supervision and regular checks and adjustments to the dosage are carried out to ensure the best possible treatment.

Use in the treatment of severe depression

Antidepressants play a crucial role in the treatment of severe depression. This drug intervention has proven to be effective over time and helps people who suffer from this serious mental illness to find hope and relief.

Depression is widespread and can significantly impair a person's daily life. In severe cases, they go beyond temporary mood swings and become constant or recurring feelings of hopelessness, depression and sadness. These severe depression can severely affect the ability of a person to function and lead a fulfilling life.

Antidepressants work by increasing the concentration of certain messenger substances in the brain, especially serotonin. This supports communication between the nerve cells and helps to stabilize the mood. By compensating for the imbalance of these messenger substances, antidepressants can improve the depressive symptoms and restore the patient's well -being.

When choosing the right antidepressant, doctors attach great importance to the patient's individual needs. There are different types of antidepressants, each with different ways. Some increase the concentration of serotonin in the brain, others act on neurotransmitter such as noradrenaline and dopamine. Depending on the severity of the depression and the accompanying circumstances, the doctor can decide which preparation is best suited for the individual patient.

Treatment with antidepressants takes time and patience. In most cases, it takes several weeks for the full effect to be achieved. It is therefore important that patients take the medication continuously and do not cancel early because this can affect the course of treatment.

Nevertheless, it should be noted that antidepressants are not the ideal solution for all people with depression. In some cases, psychotherapy and other alternative treatment methods can also be an effective option. It is important to speak to a specialist in psychiatry or a therapist to set the best treatment strategy for everyone.

Overall, antidepressants offer an effective option to treat heavy depression. By adapting the chemical balance in the brain, these medication can help patients relieve their symptoms and lead a normal life. With the right support and support, people with depressive disorders can find hope through the use of antidepressants and take a way to recover.

How effective are antidepressants?

Antidepressants are medication used to treat depression. They are supposed to raise the mood, relieve negative thoughts and emotional lows and help the patient make a better attitude towards life. But how effective are antidepressants really?

The effect of antidepressants is a controversial topic. Studies have shown that these medication in many patients can help relieve the symptoms of depression. You can stabilize the mood, increase drive and energy and improve the quality of sleep. This often leads to a noticeable improvement in the general condition and the quality of life of the patients.

Nevertheless, there are also critics who question the effectiveness of antidepressants. Some studies indicate that the difference in the improvement between patients who take an antidepressant and those who receive a placebo is not significant. This leads to the question of whether the effect of antidepressants may be due to a placebo effect.

A possible explanation for these different results could be the diversity of depression. Each patient is individual and reacts differently to the treatment. What works well in one patient can have no effect on another. This makes it difficult to estimate the effectiveness of antidepressants.

Another factor that must be taken into account is the duration of the treatment. Antidepressants often only develop their full effect after several weeks or months. It is therefore important to take the medication over a sufficiently long period of time and to regularly discuss the effectiveness with the doctor.

Despite the controversial discussions about the effectiveness of antidepressants, it remains to be noted that they can help many patients to better manage their depression. The decision for or against taking antidepressants should always be made in consultation with a specialist. Each patient is unique and requires individually coordinated treatment.

1. Definition

From antidepressants

Antidepressants are medication that are used specifically to treat depression. They belong to the class of psychotropic drugs and can help alleviate symptoms such as sadness, hopelessness and listlessness. Antidepressants influence the balance of neurotransmitters in the brain, especially serotonin, noradrenaline and dopamine. These messenger substances are responsible for communication between the nerve cells and play an important role in regulating the mood.

There are different types of antidepressants that are prescribed depending on the symptoms and individual needs of the patient. The most common classes of antidepressants are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), tricyclic antidepressants (TZA) and monoaminergic reimbursement inhibitors (NRI). SSRI, such as fluoxetine or sertraline, increase the amount of serotonin in the brain by blocking its resumption. This stabilizes the mood and depressive symptoms can be reduced. TZA, such as amitriptylin or imipramine, influence both the resumption of serotonin and noradrenaline and can therefore be used in various forms of depression. NRIS, such as atomoxetine, mainly affect the noradrenaline reuptake and can be particularly effective in people with a lack of this neurotransmitter.

However, antidepressants should always be taken under medical supervision because they can have side effects. These include nausea, weight gain, sexual dysfunction and sleep disorders. In addition, there can be interactions with other medication. Another important aspect is that antidepressants do not work immediately, but need a certain time to develop their full effect. As a rule, it takes about two to four weeks for the first improvements to be noticed. Regular intake and regular medical controls are therefore essential.

2. Classification

Antidepressants are often used to treat depression. There are different types of antidepressants that can be divided into different groups depending on their mode of operation.

One option of classification of antidepressants is based on the main active ingredients contained in the medication. For example, there is the group of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI). These antidepressants increase the serotonin level in the brain by inhibiting the resumption of the messenger serotonin in the nerve cells. This improves the mood and depressive symptoms can be alleviated. Well -known SSRIS are, for example, fluoxetine, citalopram and sertraline.

Another group of antidepressants are the tricyclic antidepressants (TZA). They also increase the mirror of serotonin and other messenger substances, such as noradrenaline. In contrast to the SSRIs, tricyclic antidepressants not only have a messenger substance, but also have a broader effect. Nevertheless, they are still an important part of the treatment of depression. Well -known tricyclic antidepressants are, for example, amitriptylin and imipramine.

There is also the group of selective serotonin Noradrenalin reuptake inhibitors (Snri). These antidepressants act similar to the SSRIS, but also increase the noradrenaline level in the brain. This means that snris can be used for forms of depression that do not adequately address SSRIS. Well -known snris include venlafaxine and duloxetine.

There are also other divisions of antidepressants, for example according to their mechanism of action or its side effect profile. Each group of antidepressants has its specific advantages and disadvantages, which is why the choice of suitable drug depends on many individual factors, such as the severity of depression, possible comorbidities and individual differences in compatibility.

It is important to emphasize that antidepressants should always be taken in consultation with a doctor or psychiatrist. An expert expert can assess the individual situation of the patient and select the right antidepressant and the suitable dosage. Antidepressants can be effective support in the treatment of depression, but should never be considered the sole therapy measure. Accompanying psychotherapy or other supportive measures can be a sensible addition to drug treatment.

3. Tracyclic antidepressants

Tricyclic antidepressants, also known as TCAs, are a group of medication used to treat depression. They have been available since the 1950s and are among the oldest antidepressants on the market.

These drugs work by increasing the concentration of certain messenger substances in the brain, such as serotonin and noradrenaline. By leaving these neurotransmitters longer in the synaptic gap, tricyclic antidepressants can help improve the mood and relieve symptoms of depression.

Although TCAs can be effective, they also have a number of side effects. The most common include dry mouth, constipation, blurred vision, memory problems and weight gain. These side effects can sometimes be so stressful that many patients cancel the use of medication or look for alternatives.

TCAS must also not be discontinued without medical supervision, as this can cause withdrawal symptoms. It is important to gradually reduce the dosage in order to minimize the possibility of unwanted effects.

Tricyclic antidepressants are more likely to be prescribed today as recent generations of antidepressants such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIS) or serotonin-noradrenalin reuptake inhibitor (SNRIS). These more modern drugs can achieve similar results, but often have fewer side effects.

Overall, tricyclic antidepressants have an important place in the history of depression treatment, but due to their side effects and the availability of newer medication, they are prescribed less frequently today. It is important that patients who are treated with TCAs work closely with their doctor to minimize side effects and to ensure the best possible treatment.

4. Tetracyclic antidepressants

The tetracyclic antidepressants are a group of medication used to treat depression. This type of antidepressant acts on various neurotransmitter systems in the brain to reduce mood swings and symptoms of depression.

The most famous tetracyclic antidepressants include amitriptylin, Nortriptylin, Macrofanlin and Miensin. These drugs are among the older generations of antidepressants, but have been successfully used to treat depression to date. Compared to the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIS) and other more modern antidepressants, the tetracyclic antidepressants have a somewhat wider effect on various neurotransmitters in the brain.

The tetracyclic antidepressants increase the concentration of neurotransmitters such as serotonin and noradrenaline in the brain by blocking their resumption in the nerve cells. This leads to an increase in the availability of these neurotransmitters, which are responsible for regulating the mood, sleep and other important functions in the brain.

However, these drugs also have side effects that have to be taken into account. This includes dry mouth, constipation, weight gain, dizziness and sedation. The tetracyclic antidepressants can also increase the risk of cardiac arrhythmias and other cardiovascular problems, especially in older patients.

Despite the possible side effects, the tetracyclic antidepressants offer an effective option for the treatment of depression. Your wider spectrum of activity can be an advantage for some people, especially if other antidepressants were not sufficiently effective. However, it is important that the use of these drugs is under medical supervision in order to weigh up possible risks and benefits.

Due to the individual differences in the compatibility and effectiveness of antidepressants, it is important to work with a specialist in order to find the best possible treatment option. The tetracyclic antidepressants can play an important role in relieving depression symptoms and those affected help to regain their quality of life.

5. Selective Serotonin Reuptake inhibitors (SSRI)

Selective serotonin-reuPtake inhibitors, or also known as SSRIS, are a group of antidepressants that are often used to treat depression and other mental illnesses. The name "selectively" means that you mainly inhibit the resumption of serotonin in the brain.

Serotonin is a neurotransmitter who is responsible for mood, emotions and sleep regulating functions in the brain. In people with depression, low serotonin levels are often present in the brain. SSRIS work by inhibiting the resumption of serotonin in the nerve cells, which increases the mirror of this neurotransmitter in the brain. This should reduce the symptoms of depression.

The mode of action of SSRIS is complex and not yet fully understood. It is believed that by increasing the serotonin mirror in the brain, you can improve communication between individual neurons and thus influence the mood, emotional well -being and sleep.

The most common SSRIS include medication such as fluoxetine (Prozac), Sertralin (Zoloft) and Citalopram (Cipramil). As a rule, they are taken daily and their full effect often only develops after a few weeks of regular intake.

SSRIS are generally well tolerated, but as with all medication, side effects can also occur. The most common include nausea, headache, sleep disorders and sexual dysfunction. It is therefore important to carry out the intake of SSRIs under medical supervision in order to monitor and adapt possible side effects.

It is also important to note that not everyone benefits from SSRIS depression. The effectiveness can vary from person to person, and it may be necessary to try out different drugs to find the right treatment.

Overall, SSRIS have a major impact on the treatment of depression and other mental illnesses. By inhibiting the serotonin reuptake in the brain, you help to alleviate symptoms and improve general well-being. Nevertheless, they should only be taken under medical guidance and as part of a comprehensive treatment plan that also includes psychotherapy and other measures.

6. Atypical antidepressants

Atypical antidepressants are a group of medication used to treat depression. In contrast to the classic antidepressants, atypical antidepressants have a different mode of action and are often considered an alternative option if other medications are not sufficiently effective.

One of the most famous atypical antidepressants is bupropion. It is often used to treat depression and can also help with smoking cessation. BUPROPION influences the neurotransmitter dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain, which can have a positive effect on the mood.

Another atypical antidepressant is Mirtazapin. It is often prescribed to relieve the symptoms of depression and improve sleep. Mirtazapin acts on various neurotransmitters, including serotonin and noradrenaline, and has a sedative effect, which can lead to patients can sleep better.

Trazodone is another atypical antidepressant that is used to treat depression. It acts as a serotonin antagonist and serotonin reuptake inhibitor and can improve the mood and reduce sleep disorders.

Agomelatin is also one of the atypical antidepressants. It works through a combination of mechanisms of action, including melatonin receptor agonism and serotonin receptor antagonism. Agomelatin can relieve depressive symptoms and normalize the sleep-wake rhythm.

Another atypical antidepressant that is often used is venlafaxine. It belongs to the group of selective serotonin-noradrenalin reuptake inhibitors (SSNRI) and can treat both depressive symptoms and anxiety disorders.

Finally, atypical antidepressants are an important option in the treatment of depression. They have different mechanisms of action and are often viewed as an alternative to classic antidepressants. It is important to speak to a specialist to find the right medication and the correct dosage. Antidepressants should always be used in combination with psychotherapy and other supportive measures to achieve the best possible results.

6.1. Selective serotonin-noradrenalin-ReuPtake-inhibitors (SSNRI)

Selective serotonin-noradrenaline-ReuPtake inhibitors (SSNRI) are a kind of antidepressant that are used to treat depression and other mental disorders. The main difference between SSNRI and other antidepressants is that they increase both the serotonin and the noradrenaline level in the brain.

As the name suggests, SSNRI selectively affect the resumption of serotonin and noradrenaline in the brain. This means that you increase the concentration of these two neurotransmitters in the synaptic gap, which can lead to an improved mood and better emotional well -being.

SSNRIs are often used as second -line treatment for depression if other antidepressants have not shown a sufficient effect. They can also be used to treat anxiety disorders and pain syndromes such as fibromyalgia.

The mode of action of SSNRI is based on the blockade of the resumption of serotonin and noradrenaline in the brain's presynaptic neurons. As a result, more of these neurotransmitters in the synaptic gap and can therefore have a long time on the postsynaptic receptors. This leads to an increased activity of neuronal signal transmission and can improve the mood and emotional balance in people with depression.

As with all antidepressants, side effects can also occur when taking SSNRI. The most common side effects include nausea, headache, sleep disorders and sexual dysfunction. However, these side effects can vary from person to person and usually subside after a few weeks of taking it.

It is important to note that SSNRI should only be taken under medical supervision. The dosage and duration of the treatment is individually defined for each patient and regular medical checks are required to monitor possible complications.

Overall, SSNRI can be an effective option for the treatment of depression and other mental illnesses. You can help improve the mood and restore the emotional balance. However, it is important to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of treatment and possible side effects with a doctor in order to find an individually adapted solution.

6.2. Selective noradrenaline-dopamine-Reuptake-inhibitors (Sndri)

Selective noradrenaline-dopamine-Reuptak-inhibitors, also known as Sndri, are a certain type of antidepressant that are used to treat depression and other mental disorders. These drugs work by influencing the neurotransmitter noradrenalin and dopamine in the brain.

Noradrenaline and dopamine are chemical messenger substances in the brain that are involved in the regulation of mood, energy level and motivation. In people with depression, these neurotransmitters can get out of balance in the brain, which leads to the characteristic symptoms of the disease, such as depressed mood, lack of drive and lack of motivation.

Sndri medication work by inhibiting the resumption of noradrenaline and dopamine in the brain. Usually these neurotransmitters are resumed in the synaptic gap after their release in order to end their effects. By blocking the resumption, there is more norepinephrine and dopamine in the synaptic gap, which leads to an improved signal transmission between the nerve cells.

The main advantage of SNDRI medication compared to other antidepressants is that they at the same time inhibit the resumption of noradrenaline and dopamine. As a result, you may show better effectiveness in the treatment of depression and other disorders, since both norepinephrine and dopamine are important for regulating the mood.

However, it is important to note that SNDRI medication can also have side effects. The most common include insomnia, nausea, headache and sexual dysfunction. Therefore, the use of SNDRI medication should always be under medical supervision in order to weigh up possible risks and find the correct dosage.

In addition, SNDRI medication can also have interactions with other medication. It is therefore important to inform your doctor about all medication and nutritional supplements that you take to avoid possible complications.

Overall, SNDRI medication can be an effective option in the treatment of depression and other mental disorders. They offer the opportunity to regulate noradrenaline and dopamine in the brain and relieve the symptoms. Nevertheless, they should always be taken under medical supervision to take into account possible side effects and interactions.

6.4. Trazodone

Trazodone is a medication that is often used to treat depression. It belongs to the group of antidepressants and works primarily by increasing the serotonin level in the brain.

Trazodone is taken orally in the form of tablets and has its effect within one to two weeks. It is recommended to take the medication regularly to achieve an optimal effect.

The dosage of trazodone depends on various factors, such as the severity of depression and individual tolerance. As a rule, treatment is started with a low dose and gradually increased if necessary.

Trazodone has a calming effect and can therefore also be used for sleep disorders. It is important to note that this drug can be sedative, especially in higher doses. It is therefore advisable to carefully plan the time of taking to avoid possible impairments in everyday life.

As with most antidepressants, side effects can also occur when taking trazodone. The most common include dizziness, headache, nausea and dry mouth. In some cases, sexual functional disorders can also occur. It is important to discuss possible side effects with the treating doctor in order to find suitable therapy.

Trazodone should not be abandoned abruptly, but the dosage should be slowly reduced to prevent the recurrence of depression. It is important to continue taking the medication when the first improvements are shown, since continuous treatment is necessary to avoid relapse.

Overall, Trazodon is an effective medication for the treatment of depression and sleep disorders. However, it is important to be taken in consultation with a doctor and observe possible side effects. With the right dosage and regular controls, Trazodone can help to achieve better well -being and an improved quality of life among those affected.

6.5. Other active ingredients

and their areas of application in the treatment of depression. In addition to the known antidepressants, there are a variety of other active ingredients that are successfully used for the therapy of depression.

An important active ingredient that is used in the treatment of depression is the SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors). These drugs increase the availability of serotonin in the brain and thereby improve the mood. The best known SSRI are fluoxetine, sertraline and citalopram. They are used for light to moderate depression and anxiety disorders.

Another active ingredient that is used in the treatment of depression are the Snri (selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors). These drugs increase the availability of noradrenaline and serotonin in the brain and thus have a mood -lifting effect. Venlafaxine and duloxetine are examples of Snri and are used especially for heavier forms of depression.

In addition to the SSRI and Snri, tricyclic antidepressants are also used. These drugs inhibit the resumption of serotonin and noradrenaline and are therefore also referred to as dual -looking antidepressants. Amitriptylin and imipramine are well -known tricyclic antidepressants and are used primarily for severe forms of depression.

In addition, there are also atypical antidepressants that differ from the other groups of active ingredients. Mirtazapine and BUPROPION are examples here. They intervene in different neurotransmitter systems and thus have a specific effect on the mood.

The choice of suitable active ingredient in the treatment of depression depends on various factors, such as the severity of the disease, possible side effects and individual preferences of the patient. It is therefore important that the treatment takes place under medical supervision and the best therapy option is selected together with the patient.

Overall, the different active ingredients offer a wide range of options for treating depression. Each patient is individual and needs a tailor -made therapy to successfully master his depressive illness.

7. Mao inhibitor

MAO inhibitors, also known as monoaminooxidase inhibitors, are a group of medication used to treat depression. They work by inhibiting the enzyme monoaminooxidase (MAO), which is responsible for the breakdown of certain neurotransmitters such as serotonin, noradrenaline and dopamine.

There are two types of Mao inhibitors: selective and non-selective Mao inhibitors. Selective Mao inhibitors, also known as MAO-A inhibitors, only inhibit the enzyme Mao-A, while non-selective Mao inhibitors inhibit both enzymes, MAO-A and MAO-B.

The use of MAO inhibitors requires careful monitoring and strict diet requirements. This is because Mao inhibitors can block the activity of the monoaminooxidase over a longer period of time and prevent the reduction of neurotransmitters. If food or drinks that contain certain substances such as tyramine are then consumed, there is a risk of a sudden strong increase in blood pressure, which can lead to serious complications such as hypertensive crises.

Despite the strict diet requirements, MAO inhibitors are an effective treatment option for certain types of depression, especially if other antidepressants were unsuccessful. They are sometimes used to treat anxiety disorders and Parkinson's disease.

It is important to note that MAO inhibitors are not the first choice in the treatment of depression because they can be associated with some side effects. This includes dizziness, headache, sleep disorders, sexual dysfunction and weight gain. It is therefore crucial that patients are informed in detail about the risks and advantages of MAO inhibitors before the start of treatment.

Overall, MAO inhibitors are an important part of the antidepressant drugs and can be effective in certain forms of depression. However, an individual consideration of the advantages and disadvantages should always be made in consultation with a qualified doctor.

8. Other antidepressants

Other antidepressants are a class of medication used to treat depression. In contrast to the common antidepressants such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIS) or tricyclic antidepressants (TCA), these are more special, less common active ingredients.

BUPROPION is an example of another antidepressant. It is often used to treat depression, especially in patients who suffer from accompanying nicotine addiction. BUPROPION has an impact on the concentration of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain, which can lead to a better regulated mood and increased energy level.

Another other antidepressant is trazodone. It is used to treat depression and the treatment of sleep problems. Trazodone works by increasing the activity of serotonin in the brain. This can lead to an improved mood and a reduction in anxiety. It also has sedative properties that can be advantageous in the treatment of sleep disorders.

Mirtazapin is another other antidepressant that is often used to treat depression. It works by regulating the release of neurotransmitters such as serotonin and noradrenaline. Mirtazapin also has sedative effects and can therefore often be used for sleep disorders. A special property of Mirtazapin is that it can increase appetite. This can be an advantage in patients who suffer from weight loss or an appetite lack due to their depression.

Although other antidepressants are less widespread than other classes of antidepressants, they can still play an important role in the treatment of depression. Each patient is unique and reacts differently to different medication. It is therefore important to consult an experienced doctor in order to find the most suitable antidepressant for the respective case. This is the only way to enable individually successful treatment.